The surgical procedure to treat lung failure is called Lung transplantation. The transplant is possible with the help of a donor, usually deceased donor. The doctors generally start with non-operative treatment. If the condition of the patient does not improve with non-surgical treatment, then the surgeon plans for Lung Transplantation. However, the patient requires a single lung transplant or transplantation for both the lungs subjects to his medical condition. If the situation is highly complex, then the surgeon transplants the lungs along with the heart from a donor.
A Lung Transplant may involve several complications, but a successful surgery reflects a considerable improvement in your health.
Lung Transplantation in India attracts medical tourism across the world. It is because of the availability of best doctors, surgeons and best in class hospitals as well as advanced technology. The success rate of Lung transplantation is above 75 % in India. Apart from that, the cost of Lung Transplantation is exceptionally affordable in India.
Starting Cost for Lung Transplantation is USD 65,000. It may vary based on the condition of the patient or the disease. The cost of lung transplantation also depends if it’s single or double lung transplantation.
A Lung Transplant is a surgery to replace the diseased or damaged lung with a healthy lung. Before undertaking the lung transplantation process, it is essential for a patient and his family to know the necessary prerequisites. The most important things are conditions for treatment, potential donor, hospitals and surgeons, cost of surgeries, complications and recovery.
A Lung is the vital organ of the respiratory system in the human body. It is responsible for the supply of adequate oxygen to all other body organs. An unhealthy lung or lung failure may deprive you of necessary oxygen and ultimately, risks survival. The Lungs cannot perform their function because of several diseases that damage the lungs. It is possible to improve the functionality of the lungs with the help of special breathing equipment and also the medicines. However, it may not be valid in all cases. Some of the chronic conditions that lead to lung damage and call for Lung Transplantation are: Pulmonary Hypertension or High Blood Pressure in the Lungs. COPD or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases. Scarring in the Lungs. Fibrosis. It can be either pulmonary fibrosis or cystic fibrosis. Patients who have coronary artery disease also require Lung Transplantation to improve the blood flow in blocked arteries. Certain critical conditions of both the heart and lung failure require a combined replacement of both parts of the body. Procedure for Lung Transplantation: Preparation: Preparation period for a Lung Transplantation may require certain weeks, months and maybe years. It is because of the dependency on the donor. Once the doctor suggests you for Lung Transplantation, the first thing is evaluation. It is crucial to know whether or not you are suitable for lung transplantation. Only the test results can determine your eligibility. The surgeons carry out the test for your overall health that is both physical and mental health. Once you complete the evaluation process and your reports declare your suitability for the surgery, you can decide on your surgeon and centre for transplantation. Before making a choice, make sure you consider certain factors like: Check if your health insurance provider provides the cover at the particular centres. Know the success and survival rates of transplantation in the centre. Consider your transplantation only by the top surgeons and in top hospital. Make sure the centre provides all the necessary amenities and proper rehabilitation care after the surgery. Apart from that, do not forget to consider the cost of treatment. The price of Lung Transplantation is very high in most of the developed countries. Consider medical tourism to India to receive affordable yet effective treatment. Wait for Donor: It may take time to find a suitable donor, but once you get a call from the hospital for a suitable match, you should be readily available. Do not delay the process at your end. Pack your bags well in advance and fix the appointment for surgery at the earliest. Surgical Procedure: The surgeons make use of anaesthesia before beginning with the surgery. The patient is unconscious during the operation and does not feel any pain. He then inserts a tube in your mouth and windpipe so that there is no difficulty in breathing. Now, the doctor will remove the diseased lung by making a deep cut in your chest. The procedure is complete after connecting the central airway of the lungs, that connects the heart and the lung to the donor's lung. Post Surgical Rehabilitation: After the surgery, you have to spend a few days in the Intensive Care Unit or ICU. The doctor puts you on a ventilator for a few days, to provide uninterrupted oxygen supply. The tubes from your lungs will remove the excess fluid around your lungs and heart. An additional tube is added in vain to deliver strong medication. It is essential to subside the chronic pain and avoid rejection of new organ in the body. After the improvement in the condition of the patient, the doctor removes the ventilator and shifts the patient out of the ICU. However, the patient has to stay in the hospital for a minimum duration of 3 to 6 weeks. The treatment is not yet over. The patient has to visit the hospital periodically for at least three months. Here the medical team examines the condition of the patient and undertake essential preventions to avoid risks and failure of transplantation surgery. Make sure you stay close to transplantation centre during the rehabilitation period.
The success of lung transplantation depends on the medical condition of the patient. Not everyone suffering from lung diseases is eligible for transplantation. Doctors do not perform lung transplantation on patients suffering from: Severe heart, kidney or liver diseases. Cancer. Active Infection. Addiction to smoking and drugs. Complications of Lung Transplantation: The significant complications of lung transplantation are: Infection and Rejection. The immune system of your body does not accept the new organs easily. The body can reject the donor’s lung irrespective of the perfect match. The risk of rejection is higher soon after the transplantation surgery. However, it reduces over time. If a patient survives successfully during the rehabilitation period, there are a few or no chances of failure of the treatment. The patient may have to consume immune suppressant drugs for rest of the life to avoid organ rejection. However, anti-rejection drugs may lead to a few more side-effects. Some side-effects are weight gain, facial hair and other stomach issues. More severe consequences can cause infection, as the immune system of the body does not work efficiently. You have to follow all the instructions by the doctor and maintain hygiene to stay away from infection. Recovery After Lung Transplantation: If you wish to have satisfactory results post-transplantation, you have to be careful during the first year after the surgery. A patient who crosses the complications in the first year can survive for 5 to 10 years after the surgery. The patient can undoubtedly improve the health and lifestyle after the successful Lung Transplantation Surgery. Make sure you do not skip medicines and adapt to healthy living habits. Take follow-up from your medical team to know if there is any change in drugs as per the changes in the condition of the body. Looking at all the positive perspectives of Lung Transplantation in India, if you wish to undergo the treatment, you can seek help from one of the best medical tourism companies in India, i.e. Denesa Health. The team at Denesa is highly dedicated and accomplishes all the requirements of a healthcare traveller. Starting from visa to post-surgical follow up, Denesa Health provides satisfactory assistance. You can approach them with your health issues, and Denesa Health fix your appointment with best Lung Transplant Surgeons.
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