Mitral Valve is the valve between the left atrium and left ventricle of the left heart chamber. It is one of the essential channels to regulate the flow of blood in the heart.
Any disorder in the mitral valve breaks the path of the blood and the blood leaks back into the left atrium.
Such disorders need immediate medical attention, or else it can lead to worsening the condition of the body and sometimes prove to be fatal.
In some medical conditions, it is possible to repair the Mitral Valve leaflets while severe disorders call for Mitral Valve Replacement.
The beginning price for Mitral Valve Replacement in India is 6,000 dollars, and it can be higher depending on the medical condition of the patient. It also depends upon certain other factors where the choice of centre for cardiac treatment and surgeon play an essential role.
However, you must not compromise in selecting the cardiologist, as the success of the surgery highly depends on the surgeon. Most of the medical tourists choose to undergo the treatment in top hospitals of India due to the availability of resources and advanced medical facilities. Also, the cost of treatment in India is highly affordable.
Mitral Valve Replacement refers to cardiac surgery in which the cardiologists replace the diseased or damaged Mitral Valve with a mechanical valve or a bioprosthetic valve. The replacement of a Mitral Valve is an open heart surgical procedure that requires a patient to be on cardiopulmonary bypass during the operation. There can be various reasons for the failure of Mitral Valve, which includes: Calcification Infection Inherited Collagen Disease and Bulging of the valve leaflets etc.
The cardiologists suggest Mitral Valve Replacement for patients having following heart disorders: Mitral Valve Regurgitation: It is a condition when the Mitral Valve does not close in the desired way and leads to leaking of blood back to its source that is left atrium. Mitral Valve Stenosis: Mitral Valve Stenosis is a heart disorder when the Mitral Valve opens partially. When the valve does not open properly, the blood cannot flow through it. The cause of the issue can be an infection or blockage. Mitral Valve Prolapse: When the leaflets of the Mitral Valve bulges back, the condition is called mitral valve prolapse. Other signs and symptoms that reflect the need of Mitral Valve Replacement in a patient are: Swelling in ankle and feet Irregular heartbeat Fatigue Breathlessness Heart Auscultation The Procedure for Mitral Valve Replacement: The Mitral Valve Replacement is usually an open heart procedure, but the advancement in technology has led to the possibility of Minimally Invasive proceedings of the treatment too. Before beginning with the surgery, the cardiologists perform several tests on the patient. These tests are essential to check the fitness level of the patient and also the possibility of Mitral Valve Replacement Basic Tests Might Include: Blood test Imaging test General Physical Tests. The surgeon uses this report to make further planning of the treatment and decide on the type of surgery. Two Different Types of Mitral Valve Replacement Procedures: For both the types of surgeries, the patient is under the effect of general anaesthesia. An IV line and breathing tubes are inserted to remove any obstruction to the respiratory system of the body. Traditional Open Heart Mitral Valve Replacement: The surgeon makes a deep cut in the middle of the chest to get access to the pericardium and finally, the heart. All the blood valves are connected to the heart-lung bypass machine to maintain the function of the heart in the body. Then, the heart is stopped, and the cardiologist replaces the diseased mitral valve. An additional incision near the damaged valve is made if necessary. After the completion of the Mitral Valve Replacement, the surgeon closes the incision. Non-Traditional Mitral Valve Replacement: In this process, the replacement is done by making small incisions near the affected valve. There is no requirement of long cuts in the chest. Minimally Invasive MVR: The cardiologist makes 2 or 3 incisions, depending on the type of heart disorder. He then inserts a tiny camera through one incision and surgical instruments from the other. The endoscope provides the necessary guidance for the surgery. After the successful Mitral Valve Replacement, the surgeon closes the incision. Minimally Invasive surgery has the least complications and requires less time for post-surgical recovery. Robotic MVR: Robotic MVR is also a minimally invasive surgery, where the cardiologists make use of automatic remote-controlled surgical instruments to operate. Here, there is no requirement of the heart-lung bypass machine during the surgery. After the Procedure: The patient usually has to stay in the hospital for 4 to 6 days. For 48 hours after the surgery, the doctors keep the patient under observation in the ICU and then shifts him to the critical care unit. Some patients may also need rehabilitation after the surgery. For easy and quick recovery, the patient must follow the instructions of the cardiologist and take proper rest after the discharge from the hospital. The recovery period after minimally invasive surgery is only a few weeks while for open heart surgery can be anywhere between 6 months to 1 year depending upon the health conditions of the patient. The patient must take the proper dosage of prescribed medicines and must visit the cardiologist for a periodic checkup. Complications After Mitral Valve Replacement: Some of the common complications after the surgery can be: Excessive loss of blood due to bleeding Renal Failure Failure of replacement Heart Stroke Infection near the artificial or replaced mitral valve Irregular Heart Beat A blood clot, which proves to be fatal; if it travels to the lung Risk of disease in other parts of the body Pulmonary Thromboembolism Pulmonary Oedema One can avoid such complications by following the instructions of the medical team after the surgery. Recovery and rehab period is more crucial than the operation. Healthcare travellers in India generally, does not face any issue in getting an appointment with the best cardiologist in India, because of the presence of first-rate medical tourism companies like Denesa Health in the country. The team is always ready to serve the medical tourists and make them available with the best possible treatment without facing any inconvenience.
The approximate cost of Mitral Valve Replacement in India is USD 6,000 to 8,000. The price is eight to ten times lower than in other countries across the globe.
Medanta- The Medicity is one of the best hospitals for the Mitral Valve Replacement in Delhi NCR, India.
Dr Naresh Trehan is one of the best surgeons for Mitral Valve Replacement.
It might two to three weeks for a patient to recover after a Mitral Valve Replacement if there is not any other significant health issue. However, if the patient has some other disorders too, then it takes more time for the recovery.
The patient has to follow recovery care as instructed by the doctor to avoid the risks and complications after the surgery.
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